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Image Tag Deployment

New as of 0.4.0

tags <app>                                     # List all app image tags
tags:create <app> <tag>                        # Add tag to latest running app image
tags:deploy <app> <tag>                        # Deploy tagged app image
tags:destroy <app> <tag>                       # Remove app image tag

The Dokku tags plugin allows you to add docker image tags to the currently deployed app image for versioning and subsequent deployment.

When triggering dokku ps:rebuild APP on an application deployed via the tags plugin, the following may occur:

  • Applications previously deployed via another method (git/tar): The application may revert to a state before the latest custom image tag was deployed.
  • Applications that were only ever deployed via the tags plugin: No action will be taken against your application.

Please use the tags:deploy command when redeploying an application deployed via docker image.

Usage

Listing tags for an application

For example, you can list all tags for a given application:

dokku tags node-js-app
=====> Image tags for dokku/node-js-app
REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED              VIRTUAL SIZE
dokku/node-js-app   latest              936a42f25901        About a minute ago   1.025 GB

Creating a tag

You can also create new tags for that app using the tags:create function. Tags should conform to the docker tagging specification for your docker version. As of 1.10, that specification is available here, while users of older versions can check the documentation here.

dokku tags:create node-js-app v1
=====> Added v1 tag to dokku/node-js-app

Once the tag is created, you can see the output by running the tags command again.

dokku tags node-js-app
=====> Image tags for dokku/node-js-app
REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED              VIRTUAL SIZE
dokku/node-js-app   latest              936a42f25901        About a minute ago   1.025 GB
dokku/node-js-app   v1                  936a42f25901        About a minute ago   1.025 GB

Deploying an image tag

Finally, you can also deploy a local image using the tags:deploy command.

dokku tags:deploy node-js-app v1
-----> Releasing node-js-app (dokku/node-js-app:v1)...
-----> Deploying node-js-app (dokku/node-js-app:v1)...
-----> Running pre-flight checks
       For more efficient zero downtime deployments, create a file CHECKS.
       See http://dokku.viewdocs.io/dokku/deployment/zero-downtime-deploys/ for examples
       CHECKS file not found in container: Running simple container check...
-----> Waiting for 10 seconds ...
-----> Default container check successful!
=====> node-js-app container output:
       Detected 512 MB available memory, 512 MB limit per process (WEB_MEMORY)
       Recommending WEB_CONCURRENCY=1
       > node-js-app@0.1.0 start /app
       > node index.js
       Node app is running at localhost:5000
=====> end node-js-app container output
-----> Running post-deploy
-----> Configuring node-js-app.dokku.me...
-----> Creating http nginx.conf
-----> Running nginx-pre-reload
       Reloading nginx
-----> Shutting down old containers in 60 seconds
=====> 025eec3fa3b442fded90933d58d8ed8422901f0449f5ea0c23d00515af5d3137
=====> Application deployed:
       http://node-js-app.dokku.me

Image Workflows

Deploying from a Docker Registry

You can alternatively add image pulled from a docker Registry and deploy app from it by using tagging feature. In this example, we are deploying from Docker Hub.

  1. Create Dokku app as usual

    dokku apps:create test-app
  2. Pull image from Docker Hub

    docker pull demo-repo/some-image:v12
  3. Retag the image to match the created app

    docker tag demo-repo/some-image:v12 dokku/test-app:v12
  4. Deploy tag

    dokku tags:deploy test-app v12

Note: When deploying an image, we will use docker inspect to extract the ExposedPorts configuration and if defined, use that to populate DOKKU_DOCKERFILE_PORTS. If this behavior is not desired, you can override that configuration variable with the config:set command. Example: dokku config:set test-app DOKKU_DOCKERFILE_PORTS="5984/tcp 80/tcp"

Deploying an image from CI

To ensure your builds are always reproducible, it's considered bad practice to store build artifacts in your repository. For some projects however, building artifacts during deployment to Dokku may affect the performance of running applications.

One solution is to build a finished Docker image on a CI service (or even locally) and deploy it directly to the host running dokku.

  1. Build image on CI (or locally)

    docker build -t dokku/test-app:v12 .
    # Note: The image must be tagged `dokku/<app-name>:<version>`
  2. Deploy image to Dokku host

    docker save dokku/test-app:v12 | ssh my.dokku.host "docker load | dokku tags:deploy test-app v12"

Note: You can also use a Docker Registry to push and pull the image rather than uploading it directly.

Here's a more complete example using the above method:

# build the image
docker build -t dokku/test-app:v12 .
# copy the image to the dokku host
docker save dokku/test-app:v12 | bzip2 | ssh my.dokku.host "bunzip2 | docker load"
# tag and deploy the image
ssh my.dokku.host "dokku tags:create test-app previous; dokku tags:deploy test-app v12 && dokku tags:create test-app latest"
  v: v0.7.2
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