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Proxy Management

New as of 0.5.0, Enhanced in 0.6.0

proxy:disable <app>                      # Disable proxy for app
proxy:enable <app>                       # Enable proxy for app
proxy:ports <app>                        # List proxy port mappings for app
proxy:ports-add <app> <scheme>:<host-port>:<container-port> [<scheme>:<host-port>:<container-port>...]           # Set proxy port mappings for app
proxy:ports-clear <app>                  # Clear all proxy port mappings for app
proxy:ports-remove <app> <host-port> [<host-port>|<scheme>:<host-port>:<container-port>...]                      # Unset proxy port mappings for app
proxy:report [<app>] [<flag>]            # Displays a proxy report for one or more apps
proxy:set <app> <proxy-type>             # Set proxy type for app

In Dokku 0.5.0, port proxying was decoupled from the nginx-vhosts plugin into the proxy plugin. Dokku 0.6.0 introduced the ability to map host ports to specific container ports. In the future this will allow other proxy software - such as HAProxy or Caddy - to be used in place of nginx.

Usage

Container network interface binding

Changed as of 0.11.0

From Dokku versions 0.5.0 until 0.11.0, enabling or disabling an application's proxy would also control whether or not the application was bound to all interfaces - e.g. 0.0.0.0. As of 0.11.0, this is now controlled by the network plugin. Please see the network documentation for more information.

Displaying proxy reports about an app

New as of 0.8.1

You can get a report about the app's proxy status using the proxy:report command:

dokku proxy:report
=====> node-js-app proxy information
       Proxy enabled:       true
       Proxy type:          nginx
       Proxy port map:      http:80:5000 https:443:5000
=====> python-sample proxy information
       Proxy enabled:       true
       Proxy type:          nginx
       Proxy port map:      http:80:5000
=====> ruby-sample proxy information
       Proxy enabled:       true
       Proxy type:          nginx
       Proxy port map:      http:80:5000

You can run the command for a specific app also.

dokku proxy:report node-js-app
=====> node-js-app proxy information
       Proxy enabled:       true
       Proxy type:          nginx
       Proxy port map:      http:80:5000 https:443:5000

You can pass flags which will output only the value of the specific information you want. For example:

dokku proxy:report node-js-app --proxy-type

Proxy port mapping

New as of 0.6.0

You can now configure host -> container port mappings with the proxy:ports-* commands. This mapping is currently supported by the built-in nginx-vhosts plugin.

To inspect the port mapping for a given application, use the proxy:ports command:

dokku proxy:ports node-js-app
-----> Port mappings for node-js-app
-----> scheme             host port                 container port
http                      80                        5000

The above application is listening on the host's port 80, which we can test via curl:

curl http://node-js-app.dokku.me
Hello World!

There are cases where we may wish for the service to be listening on more than one port, such as port 8080. Normally, this would not be possible:

curl http://node-js-app.dokku.me:8080
curl: (7) Failed to connect to node-js-app.dokku.me port 8080: Connection refused

However, we can use the proxy:ports-add command to add a second external port mapping - 8080 - to our application's port 5000.

dokku proxy:ports-add node-js-app http:8080:5000
-----> Setting config vars
       DOKKU_PROXY_PORT_MAP: http:80:5000 http:8080:5000
-----> Configuring node-js-app.dokku.me...(using built-in template)
-----> Creating http nginx.conf
-----> Running nginx-pre-reload
       Reloading nginx

We can now test that port 80 still responds properly:

curl http://node-js-app.dokku.me
Hello World!

And our new listening port of 8080 also works:

curl http://node-js-app.dokku.me:8080
Hello World!

You can also remove a port mapping that is no longer necessary:

dokku proxy:ports-remove node-js-app http:80:5000

By default, buildpack apps and dockerfile apps without explicitly exposed ports (i.e. using the EXPOSE directive) will be configured with a listener on port 80 (and additionally a listener on 443 if ssl is enabled) that will proxy to the application container on port 5000. Dockerfile apps with explicitly exposed ports will be configured with a listener on each exposed port and will proxy to that same port of the deployed application container.

Note: This default behavior will not be automatically changed on subsequent pushes and must be manipulated with the proxy:ports-* syntax detailed above.

Proxy Port Scheme

The proxy port scheme is as follows:

  • SCHEME:HOST_PORT:CONTAINER_PORT

The scheme metadata can be used by proxy implementations in order to properly handle proxying of requests. For example, the built-in nginx-vhosts proxy implementation supports both the http and https schemes.

Developers of proxy implementations are encouraged to use whatever schemes make the most sense, and ignore configurations which they do not support. For instance, a udp proxy implementation can safely ignore http and https port mappings.

To change the proxy implementation in use for an application, use the proxy:set command:

# no validation will be performed against
# the specified proxy implementation
dokku proxy:set node-js-app nginx
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